Ultra sound is a procedure where ultrasonic waves are used chiefly for therapeutic and diagnostic purposes by getting pictures on internal organs and generation of localized heat to the body tissues. Furthermore, ultrasound can be used to monitor the fetus during pregnancy. Pregnancy ultra sound is the procedure of getting an image of the embryo through measuring vibrations returned since the device used emits high-frequency sound waves.
A sound, also referred to as a sonogram, is invited to pregnant women to track the developing fetus as well the woman’s reproductive organs. The number of times to carry out a sonogram varies from one pregnancy to another. One of the reasons to get a pregnancy ultra sound is to display for any complications that could be arising so that they could possibly be cared for. There are various sorts of ultra sound ranging from the conventional to more advanced ones like 3-D ultra sound and 4-D ultrasound.
Why a Pregnancy Ultra Sound?
Sonograms are carried out during the different trimesters of pregnancy for various reasons but are also discouraged if there is no medical benefit. But if from the previous blood test, a problem was detected, your doctor can order for more ultra sounds. Some parents, out of curiosity use ultra sound to find out the gender of the baby before birth.
During the first trimester, ultrasounds are done to confirm pregnancy, check the fetal heartbeat and also to diagnose miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy. Additionally, they are utilized to determine the gestation age of the fetus and predict its own due date and assess for the chance of pus.
During the second and third trimesters which starts from twelve weeks to birth, ultrasounds are used to monitor the development of the fetus and its position, determine the sex of the baby, monitor the levels of amniotic fluid and the length of the cervix as well as to detect any arising abnormalities.
Different Types of Ultra Sound
Transabdominal ultra solid
This is the most common with pregnancies and a full bladder is advised since sound waves travel faster in liquid. You lay down for around twenty minutes on your back as your provider applies a thin coating of gel onto your stomach to help sound waves to move easily as you attempt to get the picture.
The difference of a transvaginal sonogram in the previous one is that the supplier moves a transducer into the birth canal as you lie on your back.
There are also sonograms carried out on special cases as explained below.
3 -D ultra sound involves taking a million pictures simultaneously taking a 3-D image that’s clearer almost like a picture. It is utilized to ensure normal growth of the infant and occasionally for to find from any issues with the uterus.
4-D ultra solid
4-D ultra sound does not have any much difference with the 3-D ultrasound but its innovative as it reveals the baby’s movements in a video.
A fetal echocardiography is carried out if your doctor detects some heart defects in your baby. It takes some time as compared to the standard ultra sounds. It’s capable of catching the heart constructions of the baby and helps analyze the hearts’ functioning thus diagnosing any heart issues.