The process involving cutting, bending and assembling of metals into different shapes and sizes is called metal fabrication. It is in a fabrication and machine shop that this job is being done, with the use of processes like forming and welding using different kinds of specialized tools.
Fabrication methods can also be specialized and these are brazing, shearing, forming, extrusion, forging, heat treatment, powder coating, casting, spinning, and chipping, just to mention a few. There are also other specializations which are of higher level like electrical, prototyping, machine design and hydraulics.
Metal fabrication uses several raw materials like plate metal, formed metal, tube stock, square stock, welding wire, castings, hardware and fittings. The various stages that comprise the metal fabrication process are cutting and burning, forming, machining, welding and final assembly.
Different machines and structures construction are some of the output in the use of metal fabrication. The more famous materials that are used for metal fabrication in the creation of many industrial and consumer products like loose parts, structural frames for buildings and machines are the sheet metal and stainless steel.
Sheet metal fabrication involves forming the metal into thin and flat pieces called sheet metal, and these can be in different gauges or thicknesses, and then cut and bent into various shapes and sizes.
Aside from the flat pieces, sheet metal is also produced in coiled strips which are usually made out of metals of aluminum, brass, copper, steel, tin, nickel and titanium. In decorative purposes, the use of gold, silver, and platinum are utilized for the purpose.
Sheet metal fabrication is also intended in the production of car bodies, airplane wings, building materials, and equipment for food processing and others.
The property of stainless steel is very strong, coming out from its varying amounts of elements like alloy of iron, chromium and other elements, thus it can resists corrosion and stain and has a very low need for maintenance. Since it is completely recyclable, this material is used in things that would need its property.
Stainless steel has various grades and surface finishes depending on where you want it to be used, and these finishes are brushed finish, satin, mirror, and the coarse finish.
Out of the very intensive process of metal fabrication would result to the production of several industrial and consumer products. Among the main applications of metal fabrication, manufacturing makes use of the sheet metal fabrication and stainless steel fabrication that we can now use in our daily lives.
The protection of metal can be your choice depending on your need and budget, and so after the metal underwent cutting, joining and welding, you can decide if you will have it powder coated or sandblasted.